More jobless Engineers in India than the population of Iceland

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More than half of India's recent engineering college graduates are either unemployed or are working in a job that doesn't require a bachelor's degree. The story would seem to be more evidence that, regardless of your education, the wake of the Great Recession has been a terrible time to be young and hunting for work. 

India, one of the youngest countries in the world, where youth accounted for 20% of the total population in 2011, according to the Registrar General of India. More importantly, the dependency ratio – the number of children and elderly people per working-age person — declined 21% over the last three decades. However, youth unemployment remains high in India, and it hasn’t been helped by the global crisis.

The latest World Development Report by the World Bank says India’s youth unemployment — as a percentage of the youth work force — was 9.9% for males and 11.3% for females in 2010. Average unemployment rate in India is expected to rise to 9.4% in 2013 from a 9.3% in 2012, predicts staffing firm Kelly Services. As per the global labour market update, APAC hiring will remain subdued in 2013, with improvements seen in 2014 as economic growth rebounds. The statistics says that in India nearly 200,000 engineers and 132,000 diploma holders were unemployed in 2007.

These numbers are hard to fathom, and the more you compare them to other measures of unemployment, the more bizarre they seem. Unfortunately, I don't have all of the data to work with. But their analysis implies that about a quarter of the post-collegiate population is outright unemployed and the number of engineering unemployed has gone up to so much so as to be more than the whole population of Iceland. Research suggests that engineering college grads are actually faring worse in the job market than the overall youth population and a second graduation indeed increases the chances of the job.  

It makes one wonder whether is it the end to the Engineering Giant that India has become or does that mean that the quality of the engineering education available to the students in India is far worse than the counterparts across the world.

In my experience I have met some with some of the brightest students from some of the best Universities of India and I have seen a passion in them towards joining a b school and getting an MBA degree! Apathy of the situation is such that the unavailability of the jobs and the promise of greener pastures have made students longing for the degrees that are completely out of their current academic paradigm and may result in increasing frustrations about the futility of the studies in their current academics.

While examining the reasons behind the widespread unemployment, Some of the facts clearly stood out, One of the reason for the unemployment among engineers are education system in some colleges are not up to the standard.  Engineering has become one of the most popular degree which is under demand by most of the middle class people of India.  Some colleges are not equipped with proper lab facilities and some colleges may suffer without proper lecturers.  This is one of the major reasons for unemployment.

Also, the parent pressure plays a vital role.  Most of the parents want their children to become a doctor, engineer so they put in a lot of pressure among their kids.  They force them to do something which is not they are actually capable off or something in which they are not interested in.

Next is the employer’s point of view.  Some of the skills in which employer’s looking for but always not found with the engineering graduates are leadership qualities, team working, business awareness, communication, interpersonal skills, performance, planning, organizing etc. Many engineering graduates do not have a sound technical knowledge.  Other than the stuffs which they are thought in the college they should hone their technical skills through extended reading from other sources.

All these combined one wonders is engineering worth it!!

Mahesh gupta   5/16/2013 4:33:00 AM

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